Cleopatra Bilder Leinwandbilder
Philopator - Fotos, Lizenzfreie Bilder und Stockfotos. Durchstöbern Sie königin kleopatra vii. philopator Stock-Fotografie und Bilder. Oder starten Sie eine. - Erkunde uwe werners Pinnwand „Cleopatra“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Kleopatra, Nofretete, Ägyptische kunst. Wie die Königin Kleopatra wirklich aussah, wissen wir nicht. Aber jede Generation hat sich ihre eigenen Bilder von ihr gemacht – eine Auswahl. Perfekte Cleopatra Stock-Fotos und -Bilder sowie aktuelle Editorial-Aufnahmen von Getty Images. Download hochwertiger Bilder, die man nirgendwo sonst. Bilder finden, die zum Begriff Cleopatra passen. ✓ Freie kommerzielle Nutzung ✓ Keine Namensnennung ✓ Top Qualität.
Cleopatra - Bilder als Kunstdrucke, Foto-Kunstdrucke, Leinwandbilder, gerahmte Bilder, Glasbilder und Tapeten. Jetzt günstig kaufen - auch auf Rechnung! Wie die Königin Kleopatra wirklich aussah, wissen wir nicht. Aber jede Generation hat sich ihre eigenen Bilder von ihr gemacht – eine Auswahl. Kleopatra VII. Philopator (griechisch Κλεοπάτρα Θεά Φιλοπάτωρ; * 69 v. Chr. in Alexandria Chr. Münzen mit ihrem Bild herausgab. Bald musste Ptolemaios.
Egyp seemed an easy target acause the land did no hae strang land forces an thare wis faimin an an epidemic.
Cassius an aa wantit tae prevent Cleopatra frae bringin reinforcements for Antony an Octavian. But he coud no execute an invasion o Egyp, acause at the end o 43 BC Brutus summoned him back tae Smyrna.
For this purpose Lucius Staius Murcus moved wi 60 ships an a legion o elite troops intae poseetion at Cape Matapan in the sooth o the Peloponnese.
Nivertheless, Cleopatra sailed wi her fleet frae Alexandria tae the wast alang the Libian coast tae jyne the Caesarian leaders, but she wis forced tae return tae Egyp acause her ships wur damaged bi a violent storm an she became ill.
Staius Murcus learned o the queen's misfortune an saw wreckage frae her ships on the coast o Greece. He then sailed wi his ships intae the Adriatic Sea.
Dellius haed tae summon Cleopatra tae Tarsus tae meet Antony an answer questions aboot her lealty. Durin the Roman ceevil war she allegedly haed peyed muckle money tae Cassius.
Tae safeguard hersel an Caesarion, she haed Antony order the daith o her sister Arsinoe , who wis livin at the temple o Artemis in Ephesus , which wis unner Roman control.
Cleopatra haed an aa executit her strategos o Cyprus, Serapion , who haed supportit Cassius against her wishes. Fower years later, Antony visitit Alexandria again en route tae mak war wi the Parthians.
He renewed his relationship wi Cleopatra, an frae this pynt on Alexandria wad be his hame. He marriet Cleopatra accordin tae the Egyptian rite a letter quotit in Suetonius suggests this , awtho he wis at the time marriet tae Octavia Minor , sister o his fellae triumvir Octavian.
He an Cleopatra haed anither bairn, Ptolemy Philadelphus. Cleopatra wis an aa gien the title o "Queen o Keengs" bi Antonius.
Her enemies in Roum feared that Cleopatra "wis plannin a war o revenge that wis tae array aw the East against Rome, establish hersel as empress o the warld at Rome, cast juistice frae Capitolium , an inaugurate a new universal kinrick.
Egyptians thocht Cleopatra tae be a reincarnation o the goddess Isis , as she cried hersel Nea Isis.
Cleopatra wis present wi a fleet o her awn. Popular legend states that whan she saw that Antony's poorly equipped an manned ships wur losin tae the Romans' superior vessels, she teuk flicht an that Antony abandoned the battle tae follae her, but nae contemporary evidence states this wis the case.
Follaein the Battle o Actium , Octavian invadit Egyp. The auncient soorces, parteecularly the Roman anes, are in general agreement that Cleopatra killed hersel bi inducin an Egyptian cobra tae bite her.
The auldest soorce is Strabo , who wis alive at the time o the event, an micht even hae been in Alexandria. He says that thare are twa stories: that she applee'd a toxic ointment, or that she wis bitten bi an asp.
Several Roman poets, writin athin ten years o the event, aw mention bites bi twa asps, as daes Florus , a historian, some years later.
Velleius , saxty years efter the event, an aa refers tae an asp. Ither authors hae questioned thir historical accoonts, statin that it is possible that Augustus haed her killed.
In , the German historian Christoph Schaefer challenged aw ither theories, declarin that the queen haed actually been pushiont an dee'd frae drinkin a mixture o poisons.
Efter studyin historical texts an consultin wi toxicologists, the historian concludit that the asp coud no hae caused a slow an pain-free daith, syne the asp Egyptian cobra venom paralyses pairts o the body, stairtin wi the een, afore causin daith.
Schaefer an his toxicologist Dietrich Mebs decidit Cleopatra uised a mixture o hemlock , wolfsbane an opium. He ordered his freedman Epaphroditus tae guard her tae prevent her frae committin suicide, acause he allegedly wantit tae present her in his triumph.
But Cleopatra wis able tae deceive Epaphroditus an kill hersel nivertheless. Plutarch states that she wis foond deid, her handmaiden Iras dyin at her feet, an anither handmaiden, Charmion, adjusting her croun afore she hersel fell.
He then goes on tae state that an asp wis concealed in a basket o figs that wis brought tae her bi a rustic, an, fyndin it efter eatin a few figs, she held oot her airm for it tae bite.
Ither stories state that it wis hidden in a vase, an that she poked it wi a spindle till it got angry enough tae bite her on the airm.
Feenally, he indicates that in Octavian's triumphal mairch back in Roum, an effigy o Cleopatra that haed an asp clingin tae it wis pairt o the parade.
Suetonius , writin aboot the same time as Plutarch, an aa says Cleopatra dee'd frae an asp bite. Shakespeare gae us the feenal pairt o the image that haes come doun tae us, Cleopatra clutchin the snake tae her breast.
Afore him, it wis generally agreed that she wis bitten on the airm. Plutarch tells us o the daith o Antony.
When his airmies desertit him an jynt wi Octavian, he cried oot that Cleopatra haed betrayed him. She, fearing his wrath, locked herself in her monument wi anerlie her twa handmaidens an sent messengers tae tell Antony that she wis deid.
Believin them, Antony stabbed hissel in the painch wi his swuird, an lay on his couch tae dee. Instead, the bluid flow stopped, an he begged ony an aw tae finish him aff.
Anither messenger came frae Cleopatra wi instructions tae bring him tae her, an he, rejoicin that Cleopatra wis still alive, consentit.
She wadna open the door, but tossed ropes oot o a windae. Efter Antony wis securely trussed up, she an her handmaidens hauled him up intae the monument.
This nearly feenished him aff. Efter draggin him in throu the windae, thay laid him on a couch. Cleopatra tore aff her claes an covered him wi them.
She raved an cried, beat her breasts an engaged in sel-mutilation. Antony tauld her tae calm doun, asked for a gless o wine, an dee'd upon finishin it.
The site o thair mausoleum is uncertain, tho it is thocht bi the Egyptian Antiquities Service , tae be in or near the temple o Taposiris Magna soothwast o Alexandria.
Cleopatra's son bi Caesar, Caesarion , wis proclaimed pharaoh bi the Egyptians, efter Alexandria fell tae Octavian. Caesarion wis captured an killed, his fate reportedly sealed whan ane o Octavian's advisers paraphrased Homer: "It is bad tae hae ower mony Caesars.
The three childer o Cleopatra an Antony wur spared an taken back tae Roum whaur thay wur taken care o bi Antony's wife, Octavia Minor.
Cleopatra wis regardit as a great beauty, even in the auncient warld. In his Life of Antony , Plutarch remarks that "judgin bi the proofs which she haed haed afore this o the effect o her beauty upon Caius Caesar an Gnaeus the son o Pompey, she haed hopes that she wad mair easily bring Antony tae her feet.
For Caesar an Pompey haed kent her when she was still a girl an inexperienced in affairs, but she wis goin tae visit Antony at the vera time when weemen hae the maist brilliant beauty".
Later in the wirk, housomeivver, Plutarch indicates that "her beauty, as we are tauld, was in itsel no aathegither incomparable, nor such as tae strike those who saw her.
Rowland, who highlights that the "Berenice called Cleopatra" cited by the 3rd- or 4th-century female Roman physician Metrodora was likely conflated by medieval scholars as referring to Cleopatra.
Cleopatra belonged to the Macedonian Greek dynasty of the Ptolemies ,    [note 76] their European origins tracing back to northern Greece.
Cleopatra I Syra was the only member of the Ptolemaic dynasty known for certain to have introduced some non-Greek ancestry, being a descendant of Apama , the Sogdian Iranian wife of Seleucus I.
Roller speculates that Cleopatra could have been the daughter of a theoretical half-Macedonian-Greek, half-Egyptian woman from Memphis in northern Egypt belonging to a family of priests dedicated to Ptah a hypothesis not generally accepted in scholarship , [note 84] but contends that whatever Cleopatra's ancestry, she valued her Greek Ptolemaic heritage the most.
Claims that Cleopatra was an illegitimate child never appeared in Roman propaganda against her. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Cleopatra disambiguation. Last active pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt. The Berlin Cleopatra , a Roman sculpture of Cleopatra wearing a royal diadem , mid-1st century BC around the time of her visits to Rome in 46—44 BC , discovered in an Italian villa along the Via Appia and now located in the Altes Museum in Germany    [note 1].
Unlocated tomb probably in Egypt. Main article: Early life of Cleopatra. Further information: First Triumvirate.
Main articles: Early life of Cleopatra and Reign of Cleopatra. Left: Cleopatra dressed as a pharaoh and presenting offerings to the goddess Isis , on a limestone stele dedicated by a Greek man named Onnophris, dated 51 BC, and located in the Louvre , Paris.
Main article: Reign of Cleopatra. Further information: Liberators' civil war. Main articles: Donations of Alexandria and Reign of Cleopatra.
Main articles: Battle of Actium and Reign of Cleopatra. Main article: Death of Cleopatra.
Further information: Ptolemaic coinage and Ancient Greek coinage. Further information: Roman historiography , Greek historiography , Latin literature , and Latin poetry.
Further information: List of cultural depictions of Cleopatra. Further information: Ptolemaic coinage , Roman currency , and Ancient Greek coinage.
An ancient Roman portrait head , c. A steel engraving published by John Sartain in left depicting the now lost painted death portrait of Cleopatra, an encaustic painting discovered in in the ancient Roman ruins of the Egyptian temple of Serapis at Hadrian's Villa in Tivoli, Lazio ;  she is seen here wearing the knotted garment of Isis corresponding with Plutarch 's description of her wearing the robes of Isis ,  as well as the radiant crown of the Ptolemaic rulers such as Ptolemy V pictured to the right in a golden octodrachm minted in — BC.
Further information: Portland Vase. Further information: Medieval art , Medieval literature , Renaissance art , Renaissance literature , and Early Modern literature.
Further information: List of cultural depictions of Cleopatra , History of modern literature , and Egyptomania. Further information: Ancient Greek literature and Ancient Egyptian literature.
Burstein , p. Those in favor of claiming her death occurred on 10 August 30 BC include Roller , pp. However, Duane W.
Roller , relaying Theodore Cressy Skeat , affirms that Caesarion's reign "was essentially a fiction created by Egyptian chronographers to close the gap between [Cleopatra's] death and official Roman control of Egypt under the new pharaoh, Octavian ," citing, for instance, the Stromata by Clement of Alexandria Roller , pp.
Raia, Ann R. Bivar, A. Burstein, Stanley M. Gurval, Robert A. Holt, Frank L. Hsia, Chih-tsing , C. Johnson, Janet H.
Jones, Prudence J. Kennedy, David L. Roller, Duane W. Rowland, Ingrid D. Royster, Francesca T. Skeat, T. Southern, Patricia , Augustus 2nd ed.
Varner, Eric R. Walker, Susan , "Cleopatra in Pompeii? Bradford, Ernle Dusgate Selby Penguin Group.
Chauveau, Michel Cleopatra: Beyond the Myth. Cornell University Press. Flamarion, Edith Cleopatra: The Life and Death of a Pharaoh.
Translated by Bonfante-Warren, Alexandra. New York: Harry N. Foss, Michael The Search for Cleopatra.
Arcade Publishing. Fraser, P. Ptolemaic Alexandria. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Lindsay, Jack New York: Coward-McCann.
Nardo, Don Lucent Books. Pomeroy, Sarah B. Women in Hellenistic Egypt: from Alexander to Cleopatra. New York: Schocken Books. Samson, Julia Stacey International.
Southern, Pat Syme, Ronald . The Roman Revolution. Oxford University Press. Tyldesley, Joyce Cleopatra: Last Queen of Egypt.
Basic Books. Volkmann, Hans Cleopatra: a Study in Politics and Propaganda. Cadoux, trans. New York: Sagamore Press. Weigall, Arthur E. Brome Edinburgh: Blackwood.
Cleopatra at Wikipedia's sister projects. Hellenistic rulers. Lysimachus Ptolemy Epigonos. Hellenistic rulers were preceded by Hellenistic satraps in most of their territories.
Segerseni Qakare Ini Iyibkhentre. Senebkay Wepwawetemsaf Pantjeny Snaaib. Tefnakht Bakenranef. Piye Shebitku Shabaka Taharqa Tanutamun.
Julius Caesar. Alea iacta est Veni, vidi, vici Ut est rerum omnium magister usus. Cossutia disputed Cornelia Pompeia Calpurnia. Julia Caesarion Augustus adopted.
William Shakespeare 's Antony and Cleopatra. Parallel Lives.Jahrhundert v. Ptolemaios XII. Bei diesem Porträttyp reicht die Profildarstellung der Ptolemäerin bis zum Brustansatz. Kleopatra verhandelte zunächst über Boten mit Caesar, bat ihn aber bald um eine persönliche Zusammenkunft. Sextus nahm offiziell mit Antonius Verhandlungen über ein Bündnis auf, führte solche aber insgeheim auch Kremmen Beste finden in Spielothek den Parthern und begann dann mit Militäroperationen, um sich im nordwestlichen Kleinasien festsetzen zu können.